Capital: Damascus

Population: 23,228,545 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Syrian pound (SYP)

Official Language: Arabic

Unofficial Languages: Kurdish, Armenian, French, Aramaic, Circassian, English

Main Religion: Islam

Ethnic Groups: Arab, Kurds, Armenians, and others

Largest Cities: Aleppo, Damascus, Homs, Hama

Main Sport: Football, Basketball, Tennis, Swimming

Political System: Authoritarian Regime

National Holidays (2016):

New Year’s Day (January 1)

Revolution Day (March 8)

Independence Day (April 17)

May Day (May 1)

Orthodox Easter (May 1)

Martyrs’ Day (May 6)

Eid al-Fitr (July 7)

Eid al-Adha (September 13)

Muharram (October 3)

October Liberation Day (October 6)

The Prophet’s Birthday (December 12)

Christmas Day (December 25)