Capital: Jerusalem

Population: 8,462,000 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Israeli New Shekel (ILS)

Official Languages: Hebrew, Arabic

Unofficial Languages: English, other minority languages

Main Religions: Judaism, Islam

Ethnic Groups: Jewish, Arabic, and others

Largest Cities: Jerusalem, West Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv

Main Sport: Football, Judo, Athletics, Tennis

Political System: Parliamentary Democracy

National Holidays (2016):

Purim (Tel Aviv) (March 24)

Shushan Purim (Jerusalem) (March 25)

Pesach (April 23-29)

Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Memorial Day) (May 4)

Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) (May 12)

Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day) (June 5)

Shavuot (Pentecost) (June 12)

Rosh Hashana (New Year) (October 3-4)

Yom Kippur (October 12)

Sukkot (October 17-22)

Hoshanah Rabah (October 23)

Shmini Atzeret, or Simchat Torah (October 24)

Hanukkah (Holiday of Lights) (December 25-31)