Capital: Tehran

Population: 80,311,566 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Iranian Rial (IRR)

Official Language: Persian

Unofficial Languages: Arabic, Turkic, Kurdish, Gilaki, Luri, Balochi, and others

Main Religion: Islam

Ethnic Groups: Persian, Kurd, Arab, Azeri, Lur, Baloch, Turkmen, Turkic and others

Largest Cities: Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj

Main Sport: Football, Wrestling, Voleyball

Political System: Theocratic Republic

National Holidays (2016):

Revolution Day (February 11) 

Martyrdom of Fatima (March 13)

Oil Nationalization Day (March 19)

Norooz (Persian New Year) (March 20-23)

Islamic Republic Day (March 31)

Nature Day (April 1)

Birthday of Imam Ali (April 21)

Prophet’s Ascension (May 5)

Imam Mahdi’s Birthday (May 22)

Anniversary of Khomeini’s Death (June 3)

Revolt of Khordad 15 (June 4)

Martyrdom of Imam Ali (June 27)

Eid-e-Fitr (End of Ramadan) (July 7)

Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq (July 31)

Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice) (September 13)

Eid-al-Ghadir (September 21)

Tassoua (October 11)

Ashura (October 12)

Arbaeen (November 21)

Martyrdom of Imam Reza (November 30)

Birthday of Prophet Muhammad (December 12)

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