Capital: Taipei

Population: 23,488,331 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)

Official Language: Mandarin Chinese

Unofficial Languages: Other ethnic dialects

Main Religions: Buddhism, Taoism

Ethnic Groups: Taiwanese, Chinese, other indigenous groups

Largest Cities: Taipei, Kaohsiung City, Taichung, Tainan City

Main Sport: Basketball, Football, Softwall, Baseball

Political System: Multiparty Democracy

National Holidays (2016):

New Year’s Day (January 1) 

Founding Day of the Republic of China (January 1)

Chinese New Year (February 8-12)

Peace and Memorial Day (February 28-29)

Children’s Day (April 4)

Qingming Festival, or the Tomb Sweeping Day (April 4)

Dragon Boat Festival (June 9-10)

Mid-Autumn, or the Moon Festival (September 15-16)

ROC National Celebration Day (October 10)