Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 29,271,933 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Official Language: Nepali

Unofficial Languages: Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tamang, Tharu, Newar, Bajjika, Magar, Urdu, Limbu, Avadhi, and others

Main Religion: Hinduism

Ethnic Groups: Chhettri, Brahman-Hill, Limbu, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, Sarki, Newar, Kami, Rai, Damai, Yadav, Thakuri, Teli and others

Largest Cities: Kathmandu, Pokhara, Patan, Biratnagar

Main Sport: Football, Cricket

Political System: Federal Democratic Republic

National Holidays (2016):

Maghe Sankrankti (January 15)

Martyr’s Memorial Day (January 30)

Sonam Losar (Tamang New Year) (February 9)

National Democracy Day (February 19)

Mahashivaratri (March 7)

International Women’s Day (March 8)

Ghyalpo Losar (Kathmandu Only) (March 9)

Nepali New Year (April 13)

Ram Nawami (April 15)

Loktantra Diwas (Democracy Day) (April 23)

Labour Day (May 1)

Buddha Jayanti (Bhudda Day) (May 21)

Republic Day (May 28)

Ramjan Edul Fikra (July 6)

Janai Purnima / Rakshya Bandhan (August 18)

Shree Krishna Janmasthami / Gaura Parba (August 24)

Edul Aajaha (September 12)

Ghatasthapana (October 2)

Dashain Festival (October 9-13)

Kojagrat Purnima (October 16)

Tihar Festival (October 30-November 1)

Chhat Parwa (November 6)

Christmas Day (December 25)

Lhosar (December 30)

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