Capital: Tokyo

Population: 126,148,909 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY)

Official Language: Japanese

Main Religions: Shintoism, Buddhism

Ethnic Groups: Japanese, Koreans, Chinese, and others

Largest Cities: Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe

Main Sport: Sumo, Martial Arts, Wrestling, Basketball

Political System: Parliamentary Government with a Constitutional Monarchy

National Holidays (2016):

New Year’s Day (January 1)

Coming of Age Day (January 11)

National Foundation Day (February 11)

Spring Equinox (March 20)

Shôwa Day (April 29)

Constitution Day (May 3)

Greenery Day (May 4)

Children’s Day (May 5)

Marine Day (July 18)

Respect for the Aged Day (September 19)

Autumnal Equinox Day (September 22)

Sports Day (October 10)

Culture Day (November 3)

Labour Thanksgiving Day (November 23)

Emperor’s Birthday (December 23)