Capital: New Delhi

Population: 1,304,162,999 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

Official Languages: Hindi, English

Unofficial Languages: Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Maithili, Assamese, and others

Main Religions: Hinduism, Islam

Ethnic Groups: Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Mongoloid and others

Largest Cities: Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), Delhi, Chennai

Main Sport: Cricket, Tennis, Chess, Boxing, Badminton

Political System: Federal Republic

National Holidays (2016):

Republic Day (January 26)

Holi (March 24)

Good Friday (March 25)

Ram Navami (April 15)

Mahavir Jayanti (April 20)

Buddha Purnima (Birth of the Buddha) (May 21)

Ratha Yathra (July 6)

Independence Day (August 15)

Janmashtami (August 25)

Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) (September 12)

Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday (October 2)

Dussehra (October 11)

Day of Ashurah (Muharram) (October 12)

Diwali (Hindu Festival of Light) (October 30)

Guru Nanak’s Birthday (November 14)

Birth of the Prophet (December 12)

Christmas (December 25)


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