Capital: Nouakchott

Population: 4,165,592 (estimated in 2015)

Currency: Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO)

Official Language: Arabic

Unofficial Languages: French, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof

Main Religion: Islam

Ethnic Groups: Moors, other Africans

Largest Cities: Nouakchott, Nouadhibou, Rosso

Main Sport: Football

Political System: Presidential Republic

National Holidays (2016):

New Year’s Day (January 1)

Labour Day (May 1)

African Liberation Day (Anniversary of the OAU’s Foundation) (May 25)

Korité (End of Ramadan) (July 7)

Armed Forces Day (July 10)

Tabaski (Feast of Sacrifice) (September 13)

Islamic New Year (October 3)

Independence Day (November 28)

Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad) (December 12)